The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), endorsed by all the Member States of the United Nations in September of 2000, represent the international development community’s commitment to reducing poverty in the world’s poorest countries by 2015. The MDGs advocate for an integral vision of development, encompassing areas such as poverty, hunger, illiteracy, gender equality, disease, and environmental degradation.While there is no MDG specifically on energy, improved access to energy services—including modern cooking fuels, expanded access to electricity and mechanical power—is necessary for meeting all eight MDGs. Failure to include energy considerations in national MDG strategies and development planning frameworks will severely limit the ability to achieve the MDGs. Conversely, if approached as an integrated part of MDG strategies and broader national development frameworks, access to energy services can be an important instrument in helping promote economic growth, social equality and environmental sustainability. This publication by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) entitled, “Energizing the Millennium Development Goals: A Guide to Energy’s Role in Reducing Poverty” offers an overview of some of the most pertinent issues regarding development and energy and provides case studies to illustrate the linkages between energy and the MDGs.
The Energy Challenge of Achieving the Millennium Development Goals
Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: The Role of Energy Services
Gender & Energy for Sustainable Development: A Toolkit and Resource Guide
Generating Opportunities: Case Studies on Energy & Women
Energy for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific Region: Challenges and Lessons from UNDP Projects
World Energy Assessment: Overview 2004 Update